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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

FORM 20-F

(Mark One)

REGISTRATION STATEMENT PURSUANT TO SECTION 12(b) OR 12(g) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

OR

 

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2022.

OR

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

OR

SHELL COMPANY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

Date of event requiring this shell company report.

For the transition period from to

Commission file number: 001-38431

iQIYI, Inc.

(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)

N/A

(Translation of Registrant’s name into English)

Cayman Islands

(Jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)

 

4/F, iQIYI Youth Center, Yoolee Plaza

No. 21, North Road of Workers' Stadium, Chaoyang District

Beijing 100027, People’s Republic of China
(Address of principal executive offices)

 

Jun Wang, Chief Financial Officer
E-mail: ir@qiyi.com
4/F, iQIYI Youth Center, Yoolee Plaza
No. 21, North Road of Workers' Stadium, Chaoyang District
Beijing 100027, People’s Republic of China
Telephone:
+86 10-6267-7171
(Name, Telephone, E-mail and/or Facsimile number and Address of Company Contact Person)

Securities registered or to be registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class

 

Trading Symbol(s)

 

Name of each exchange on which registered

American Depositary Shares, each

representing seven Class A ordinary shares

par value US$0.00001 per share

 

IQ

 

The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC

(The Nasdaq Global Select Market)

 

 

 

 

 

Class A ordinary shares,

par value US$0.00001 per share*

 

 

 

The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC

(The Nasdaq Global Select Market)

(1)
*Not for trading, but only in connection with the listing on The Nasdaq Global Select Market of our American depositary shares, each representing seven Class A ordinary shares.

 

Securities registered or to be registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

None
(Title of Class)

Securities for which there is a reporting obligation pursuant to Section 15(d) of the Act:

None
(Title of Class)

Indicate the number of outstanding shares of each of the issuer’s classes of capital or common stock as of the close of the period covered by the annual report.

As of December 31, 2022, there were 6,088,666,178 ordinary shares outstanding, being the sum of 3,047,568,900 Class A ordinary shares (excluding 198,912,543 Class A ordinary shares issued to our depositary bank for bulk issuance of ADSs reserved for future issuances upon the exercise or vesting of awards under our share incentive plans) and 3,041,097,278 Class B ordinary shares.

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes No

If this report is an annual or transition report, indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. Yes No

Note – Checking the box above will not relieve any registrant required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 from their obligations under those Sections.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or an emerging growth company. See definition of “accelerated filer and large accelerated filer” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act:

 

Large accelerated filer

Accelerated filer

Non-accelerated filer

Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company that prepares its financial statements in accordance with U.S. GAAP, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards† provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

†The term “new or revised financial accounting standard” refers to any update issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board to its Accounting Standards Codification after April 5, 2012.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.

Indicate by check mark which basis of accounting the registrant has used to prepare the financial statements included in this filing:

 

U.S. GAAP

International Financial Reporting Standards as issued

Other

by the International Accounting Standards Board

If “other” has been checked in response to the previous question, indicate by check mark which financial statement item the registrant has elected to follow. Item 17 Item 18

If this is an annual report, indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes No

(APPLICABLE ONLY TO ISSUERS INVOLVED IN BANKRUPTCY PROCEEDINGS DURING THE PAST FIVE YEARS)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed all documents and reports required to be filed by Sections 12, 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 subsequent to the distribution of securities under a plan confirmed by a court. Yes No

If securities are registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act, indicate by check mark whether the financial statements of the registrant included in the filing reflect the correction of an error to previously issued financial statements. Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether any of those error corrections are restatements that required a recovery analysis of incentive-based compensation received by any of the registrant’s executive officers during the relevant recovery period pursuant to §240.10D-1(b). Yes No


 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

INTRODUCTION

1

 

 

FORWARD-LOOKING INFORMATION

2

 

 

PART I.

3

 

 

 

 

ITEM 1.

 

IDENTITY OF DIRECTORS, SENIOR MANAGEMENT AND ADVISERS

3

ITEM 2.

 

OFFER STATISTICS AND EXPECTED TIMETABLE

3

ITEM 3.

 

KEY INFORMATION

3

ITEM 4.

 

INFORMATION ON THE COMPANY

61

ITEM 4.A.

 

UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

94

ITEM 5.

 

OPERATING AND FINANCIAL REVIEW AND PROSPECTS

94

ITEM 6.

 

DIRECTORS, SENIOR MANAGEMENT AND EMPLOYEES

113

ITEM 7.

 

MAJOR SHAREHOLDERS AND RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

123

ITEM 8.

 

FINANCIAL INFORMATION

126

ITEM 9.

 

THE OFFER AND LISTING

128

ITEM 10.

 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

128

ITEM 11.

 

QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

141

ITEM 12.

 

DESCRIPTION OF SECURITIES OTHER THAN EQUITY SECURITIES

142

 

 

PART II.

144

 

 

 

 

ITEM 13.

 

DEFAULTS, DIVIDEND ARREARAGES AND DELINQUENCIES

144

ITEM 14.

 

MATERIAL MODIFICATIONS TO THE RIGHTS OF SECURITY HOLDERS AND USE OF PROCEEDS

144

ITEM 15.

 

CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

144

ITEM 16.A.

 

AUDIT COMMITTEE FINANCIAL EXPERT

145

ITEM 16.B.

 

CODE OF ETHICS

145

ITEM 16.C.

 

PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTANT FEES AND SERVICES

146

ITEM 16.D.

 

EXEMPTIONS FROM THE LISTING STANDARDS FOR AUDIT COMMITTEES

146

ITEM 16.E.

 

PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES BY THE ISSUER AND AFFILIATED PURCHASERS

146

ITEM 16.F.

 

CHANGE IN REGISTRANT’S CERTIFYING ACCOUNTANT

146

ITEM 16.G.

 

CORPORATE GOVERNANCE

146

ITEM 16.H.

 

MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURE

147

ITEM 16.I.

 

DISCLOSURE REGARDING FOREIGN JURISDICTIONS THAT PREVENT INSPECTIONS

147

 

 

PART III.

148

 

 

 

 

ITEM 17.

 

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

148

ITEM 18.

 

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

148

ITEM 19.

 

EXHIBITS

148

 

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INTRODUCTION

Unless otherwise indicated and except where the context otherwise requires, references in this annual report to:

“ADSs” refers to our American depositary shares, each of which represents seven Class A ordinary shares;
“AI” refers to artificial intelligence;
“Average daily number of total subscribing members” for a given period is calculated by averaging the number of total subscribing members, including individuals with trial membership, in each day of such period;
“Average daily number of subscribing members excluding individuals with trial memberships” for a given period is calculated by averaging the number of subscribing members excluding individuals with trial memberships in each day of such period;
“Monthly ARM” refers to average revenue per membership during a month. Monthly ARM is calculated by dividing our total revenues from membership services during a given period by the average daily number of total subscribing members and the number of months during such period;
“Baidu” refers to Baidu, Inc., our parent company and controlling shareholder;
“bullet chat” known as Danmu in Chinese, refers to a form of video commentary used on online videos. Bullet chats are comments that appear directly on the video in real-time;
“IP” refers to intellectual property;
“IT” refers to information technology;
“RMB” and “Renminbi” refer to the legal currency of mainland China;
“shares” or “ordinary shares” refers to our Class A and Class B ordinary shares, par value $0.00001 per share;
“subscribing members,” refers to the individuals who subscribed for our membership packages during a given period, including individuals with trial membership, and excluding individuals who pay for video on-demand services or stand-alone packages for sports paid content, online literature or online games; subscribing members are calculated using the number of unique iQIYI user accounts that have subscribed for the relevant services;
“U.S. GAAP” refers to generally accepted accounting principles in the United States;
“US$,” “U.S. dollars,” “$,” and “dollars” refer to the legal currency of the United States;
“video views” refers to the number of times a video is launched on our platform, regardless of time spent viewing the video;
“WAP” refers to wireless application protocol; and
“we,” “us,” “our company” and “our” refer to iQIYI, Inc., a Cayman Islands company, and its subsidiaries, and, in the context of describing our operations and combined and consolidated financial information, also include the variable interest entities, including Beijing iQIYI Science & Technology Co., Ltd. (“Beijing iQIYI”), Shanghai iQIYI Culture Media Co., Ltd. (“Shanghai iQIYI”), Shanghai Zhong Yuan Network Co., Ltd. (“Shanghai Zhong Yuan”), iQIYI Pictures (Beijing) Co., Ltd. (“iQIYI Pictures”) and Beijing iQIYI Intelligent Entertainment Technology Co., Ltd., (“Intelligent Entertainment”). All of the variable interest entities are domestic companies incorporated in mainland China in which we do not have any equity ownership but whose financial results have been consolidated into our consolidated financial statements based solely on contractual arrangements in accordance with U.S. GAAP. See “Item 4. Information on the Company—C. Organizational Structure” for an illustrative diagram of our corporate structure.

We present our financial results in RMB. We make no representation that any RMB or U.S. dollar amounts could have been, or could be, converted into U.S. dollars or RMB, as the case may be, at any particular rate, or at all. The mainland China government imposes control over its foreign currency reserves in part through direct regulation of the conversion of RMB into foreign exchange and through restrictions on foreign trade. This annual report contains translations of certain foreign currency amounts into U.S. dollars for the convenience of the reader. Unless otherwise stated, all translations of Renminbi into U.S. dollars were made at the rate at RMB6.8972 to US$1.00, the exchange rate as set forth in the H.10 statistical release of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System in effect as of December 30, 2022.

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FORWARD-LOOKING INFORMATION

This annual report contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. These statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from those expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements. These statements are made under the “safe harbor” provisions of the U.S. Private Securities Litigations Reform Act of 1995.

You can identify these forward-looking statements by words or phrases such as “may,” “will,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “aim,” “estimate,” “intend,” “plan,” “believe,” “likely to” or other similar expressions. We have based these forward-looking statements largely on our current expectations and projections about future events and financial trends that we believe may affect our financial condition, results of operations, business strategy and financial needs. These forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements about:

our goals and strategies;
our ability to retain and increase the number of users, members and advertising customers, and expand our service offerings;
our future business development, financial condition and results of operations;
expected changes in our revenues, costs or expenditures;
competition in our industry;
relevant government policies and regulations relating to our industry;
general economic and business conditions globally and in mainland China; and
assumptions underlying or related to any of the foregoing.

You should read this annual report and the documents that we refer to in this annual report and have filed as exhibits to this annual report completely and with the understanding that our actual future results may be materially different from what we expect. Other sections of this annual report discuss factors which could adversely impact our business and financial performance. Moreover, we operate in an evolving environment. New risk factors emerge from time to time and it is not possible for our management to predict all risk factors, nor can we assess the impact of all factors on our business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements. We qualify all of our forward-looking statements by these cautionary statements.

You should not rely upon forward-looking statements as predictions of future events. The forward-looking statements made in this annual report relate only to events or information as of the date on which the statements are made in this annual report. Except as required by law, we undertake no obligation to update or revise publicly any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, after the date on which the statements are made or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events.

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PART I.

 

ITEM 1. IDENTITY OF DIRECTORS, SENIOR MANAGEMENT AND ADVISERS

Not applicable.

 

ITEM 2. OFFER STATISTICS AND EXPECTED TIMETABLE

Not applicable.

ITEM 3. Key Information

Our Holding Company Structure and Contractual Arrangements with the Variable Interest Entities

iQIYI, Inc. is not a Chinese operating company, but rather a Cayman Islands holding company with no equity ownership in the variable interest entities. Our Cayman Islands holding company does not conduct business operations directly. We conduct our operations in mainland China through (i) our mainland China subsidiaries and (ii) the variable interest entities with which we have maintained contractual arrangements, and their subsidiaries in mainland China. PRC laws and regulations impose certain restrictions or prohibitions on foreign ownership of companies that engage in certain value-added telecommunication services, internet audio-video program services and certain other businesses. Accordingly, we operate these businesses in mainland China through the variable interest entities and their subsidiaries, and rely on contractual arrangements among our mainland China subsidiaries, the variable interest entities and their nominee shareholders to control the business operations of the variable interest entities. The variable interest entities are consolidated for accounting purposes, but are not entities in which our Cayman Islands holding company, or our investors, own equity. Revenues contributed by the variable interest entities accounted for 92%, 94% and92% of our total revenues for the years ended December 31, 2020, 2021 and 2022, respectively. As used in this annual report, “we,” “us,” “our company,” “our,” or “iQIYI” refers to iQIYI, Inc., its subsidiaries, and, in the context of describing our operations and consolidated financial information, the variable interest entities in mainland China, including Beijing iQIYI Science & Technology Co., Ltd. (“Beijing iQIYI”), Shanghai iQIYI Culture Media Co., Ltd. (“Shanghai iQIYI”), Shanghai Zhong Yuan Network Co., Ltd. (“Shanghai Zhong Yuan”), iQIYI Pictures (Beijing) Co., Ltd. (“iQIYI Pictures”) and Beijing iQIYI Intelligent Entertainment Technology Co., Ltd., (“Intelligent Entertainment”). Investors in our ADSs are not purchasing equity interest in the variable interest entities in mainland China, but instead are purchasing equity interest in a holding company incorporated in the Cayman Islands.

A series of contractual agreements, including loan agreement, share pledge agreement, exclusive purchase option agreement, business operation agreement, business cooperation agreement, commitment letter, shareholder voting rights trust agreement, exclusive technology consulting and services agreement, trademark license agreement, software usage license agreement, power of attorney and spousal consent letter, have been entered into by and among our subsidiaries, the variable interest entities and their respective shareholders. Terms contained in each set of contractual arrangements with the variable interest entities and their respective shareholders are substantially similar. Despite the lack of legal majority ownership, our Cayman Island holding company is considered the primary beneficiary of the variable interest entities and consolidates the variable interest entities and their subsidiaries as required by Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) topic 810, Consolidation. Accordingly, we treat the variable interest entities as our consolidated entities under U.S. GAAP and we consolidate the financial results of the variable interest entities in our consolidated financial statements in accordance with U.S. GAAP. For more details of these contractual arrangements, see “Item 4. Information on the Company—C. Organizational Structure—Contractual Arrangements with the Variable Interest Entities and Their Respective Shareholders.”

However, the contractual arrangements may not be as effective as direct ownership in providing us with control over the variable interest entities and we may incur substantial costs to enforce the terms of the arrangements. As such, the variable interest entity structure involves unique risks to investors of our Cayman Islands holding company. In addition, the legality and enforceability of the contractual agreements among our mainland China subsidiaries, the variable interest entities, and their nominee shareholders, as a whole, have not been tested in a court of law in mainland China. In the event we are unable to enforce these contractual arrangements, or if we suffer significant delay or other obstacles in the process of enforcing these contractual arrangements, we may not be able to impose control over the variable interest entities, and our ability to conduct our business may be materially adversely affected. See “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors—Risks Related to Our Corporate Structure—We rely on contractual arrangements with the variable interest entities and their shareholders for our business operations, which may not be as effective as direct ownership in providing operational control” and “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors—Risks Related to Our Corporate Structure—The shareholders of the variable interest entities may have potential conflicts of interest with us, which may materially and adversely affect our business and financial condition.”

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There are also substantial uncertainties regarding the interpretation and application of current and future PRC laws, regulations and rules regarding the status of the rights of our Cayman Islands holding company with respect to its contractual arrangements with the variable interest entities and their nominee shareholders. Though the Foreign Investment Law does not explicitly classify contractual arrangements as a form of foreign investment, the definition of “foreign investment” thereunder is relatively wide and contains a catch-all provision which includes investments made by foreign investors through means stipulated in laws or administrative regulations or other methods prescribed by the State Council. Therefore, there is no assurance that foreign investment via contractual arrangement would not be interpreted as a type of indirect foreign investment activities in the future. If any of the variable interest entities were deemed as a foreign-invested enterprise under any such future laws, administrative regulations or provisions, we may be subject to restrictions, ratification requirements and may need to take further actions to comply with such future laws, administrative regulations or provisions. Such actions may have a material and adverse impact on our business, financial condition, result of operations and prospects. In addition, it is uncertain whether any new PRC laws or regulations relating to variable interest entity structures will be adopted or if adopted, what they would provide. If we or any of the variable interest entities is found to be in violation of any existing or future PRC laws or regulations, or fail to obtain or maintain any of the required permits or approvals, the relevant PRC regulatory authorities would have broad discretion in accordance with the applicable laws and regulations to take action in dealing with such violations or failures. If the PRC government deems that our contractual arrangements with the variable interest entities do not comply with PRC regulatory restrictions on foreign investment in the relevant industries, or if these regulations or the interpretation of existing regulations change or are interpreted differently in the future, we could be subject to severe penalties or be forced to relinquish our interests in those operations. Our Cayman Islands holding company, our mainland China subsidiaries and the variable interest entities, and investors of our company face uncertainty about potential future actions by the PRC government that could affect the enforceability of the contractual arrangements with the variable interest entities and, consequently, significantly affect the financial performance of the variable interest entities and our company as a whole. See “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors—Risks Related to Our Corporate Structure—If the PRC government finds that the agreements that establish the structure for operating certain of our operations in mainland China do not comply with PRC regulations relating to the relevant industries, or if these regulations or the interpretation of existing regulations change in the future, we could be subject to severe penalties or be forced to relinquish our interests in those operations” and “—Uncertainties exist with respect to the interpretation and implementation of the newly enacted PRC Foreign Investment Law and how it may impact the viability of our current corporate structure, corporate governance and business operations.”

We face various risks and uncertainties related to doing business in mainland China. Our business operations are primarily conducted in mainland China, and we are subject to complex and evolving PRC laws and regulations. For example, we face risks associated with regulatory approvals on offshore offerings, anti-monopoly regulatory actions, and oversight on cybersecurity and data privacy, which may impact our ability to conduct certain businesses, accept foreign investments or financing, or list on a United States or other foreign exchange. In addition, our ADSs may be prohibited from trading in the United States under the Holding Foreign Companies Accountable Act, or the HFCAA, in the future, if the SEC determines that we have filed audit reports issued by a registered public accounting firm that has not been subject to inspections by the PCAOB for two consecutive years. On December 16, 2021, the PCAOB issued a report to notify the SEC of its determination that the PCAOB was unable to inspect or investigate completely registered public accounting firms headquartered in mainland China and Hong Kong, including our auditor. In April 2022, the SEC conclusively listed us as a Commission-Identified Issuer under the HFCAA following the filing of our annual report on Form 20-F for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2021. On December 15, 2022, the PCAOB issued a report that vacated its December 16, 2021 determination and removed mainland China and Hong Kong from the list of jurisdictions where it is unable to inspect or investigate completely registered public accounting firms. For this reason, we do not expect to be identified as a Commission-Identified Issuer under the HFCAA after we file this annual report on Form 20-F. Each year, the PCAOB will determine whether it can inspect and investigate completely audit firms in mainland China and Hong Kong, among other jurisdictions. If PCAOB determines in the future that it no longer has full access to inspect and investigate completely accounting firms in mainland China and Hong Kong and we continue to use an accounting firm headquartered in one of these jurisdictions to issue an audit report on our financial statements filed with the SEC, we would be identified as a Commission-Identified Issuer following the filing of the annual report on Form 20-F for the relevant fiscal year. There can be no assurance that we would not be identified as a Commission-Identified Issuer for any future fiscal year, and if we were so identified for two consecutive years, we would become subject to the prohibition on trading under the HFCAA. The delisting of our ADSs, or the threat of their being delisted, may materially and adversely affect the value of your investment. Additionally, the inability of the PCAOB to conduct inspections in the past has deprived our investors with the benefits of such inspections. These risks could result in a material adverse change in our operations and the value of our ADSs, significantly limit or completely hinder our ability to continue to offer securities to investors, or cause the value of such securities to significantly decline or become worthless. For a detailed description of risks related to doing business in mainland China, “Item 3.D. Key Information—Risk Factors—Risks Related to Doing Business in Mainland China.”

PRC government’s significant authority in regulating our operations and its oversight and control over offerings conducted overseas by, and foreign investment in, China-based issuers could significantly limit or completely hinder our ability to offer or continue to offer securities to investors. Implementation of industry-wide regulations in this nature may cause the value of such

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securities to significantly decline or become worthless. For more details, see “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors—Risks Related to Doing Business in Mainland China—The PRC government’s significant oversight and discretion over our business operation could result in a material adverse change in our operations and the value of our ADSs.”

Risks and uncertainties arising from the legal system in mainland China, including risks and uncertainties regarding the enforcement of laws and quickly evolving rules and regulations in mainland China, could result in a material adverse change in our operations and the value of our ADSs. For more details, see “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors—Risks Related to Doing Business in Mainland China—Uncertainties with respect to the PRC legal system could adversely affect us.”

Cash Flows through Our Organization

iQIYI, Inc. is a holding company with no material operations of its own. We conduct our operations primarily through our mainland China subsidiaries, the variable interest entities and their subsidiaries in mainland China. As a result, iQIYI, Inc.’s ability to pay dividends depends upon dividends paid by our mainland China subsidiaries. If our existing mainland China subsidiaries or any newly formed ones incur debt on their own behalf in the future, the instruments governing their debt may restrict their ability to pay dividends to us. In addition, current PRC regulations permit our mainland China subsidiaries to pay dividends to their respective shareholders only out of their accumulated profits, if any, determined in accordance with PRC accounting standards and regulations. Furthermore, each of our mainland China subsidiaries and the variable interest entities is required to set aside at least 10% of its after-tax profits each year, if any, to fund a statutory reserve until such reserve reaches 50% of its registered capital. Each of such entities in mainland China is also required to further set aside a portion of its after-tax profits to fund the employee welfare fund, although the amount to be set aside, if any, is determined at the discretion of its board of directors. These reserves are not distributable as cash dividends. For more details, see “Item 5. Operating and Financial Review and Prospects—B. Liquidity and Capital Resources—Holding Company Structure.” Our subsidiaries’ ability to distribute dividends is based upon their distributable earnings.

We have established stringent controls and procedures for cash flows within our organization. Each transfer of cash between our Cayman Islands holding company and a subsidiary, the variable interest entities or the subsidiaries of the variable interest entities is subject to internal approval. The cash inflows of the Cayman Islands holding company were primarily generated from the proceeds we received from our public offerings of ordinary shares, our offerings of convertible senior notes and other financing activities. For the years ended December 31, 2020, 2021 and 2022, the Cayman Islands holding company provided capital contributions of RMB5,074.0 million, RMB3,573.0 million and RMB2,314.5 million (US$335.6 million), respectively, to our subsidiaries. For the years ended December 31, 2020, 2021 and 2022, the Cayman Islands holding company provided loans of RMB9,556.6 million, RMB7,395.4 million and RMB3,577.6 million (US$518.7 million), respectively, to our subsidiaries, and received repayments of RMB6,409.4 million, RMB11,175.5 million and RMB3,398.5 million (US$492.7 million), respectively. For the years ended December 31, 2020, 2021 and 2022, the variable interest entities received nil, nil and nil as loans provided by the Cayman Islands holding company, respectively, and repaid RMB90.5 million, nil and nil, respectively. For the years ended December 31, 2020, 2021 and 2022, no assets other than cash were transferred between the Cayman Islands holding company and a subsidiary, a variable interest entity or its subsidiary, no subsidiaries paid dividends or made other distributions to the holding company, and no dividends or distributions were paid or made to U.S. investors. For the years ended December 31, 2020, 2021 and 2022, our subsidiaries provided capital contributions of nil, nil and nil, respectively, to the variable interest entities. For the years ended December 31, 2020, 2021 and 2022, no assets other than the above cash transactions were transferred between our subsidiaries and the variable interest entities. We currently intend to retain most, if not all, of our available funds and any future earnings to operate and expand our business. See “Item 8. Financial Information—A. Consolidated Statements and Other Financial Information—Dividend Policy.” However, if our mainland China subsidiaries declare and distribute profits to us, such payments will be subject to withholding tax, which will increase our tax liability and reduce the amount of cash available to our company. For example, IQIYI Film Group HK Limited, which directly owns our mainland China subsidiaries, Beijing iQIYI New Media Science and Technology Co., Ltd., or iQIYI New Media, is incorporated in Hong Kong. For the potential distributable profits to be distributed to IQIYI Film Group HK Limited, the deferred tax liabilities will be accrued at a 5% withholding tax rate. However, if IQIYI Film Group HK Limited is not considered to be the beneficial owner of the dividends paid to it by iQIYI New Media under the tax circulars promulgated in February and October 2009, such dividends would be subject to withholding tax at a rate of 10%. For more information on related risks, please see “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors—Risks Related to Doing Business in Mainland China—We may rely on dividends and other distributions on equity paid by our mainland China subsidiaries to fund any cash and financing requirements we may have, and any limitation on the ability of our mainland China subsidiaries to make payments to us and any tax we are required to pay could have a material and adverse effect on our ability to conduct our business.” For mainland China and United States federal income tax considerations in connection with an investment in our ADSs, see “Item 10. Additional Information—E. Taxation.”

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For details of the financial position, cash flows and results of operations of the variable interest entities, see “Item 3. Key Information—Financial Information Related to the Variable Interest Entities.” We plan to continue to determine the amount of service fee and payment method with the variable interest entities and their shareholders based on the working capital needs of the variable interest entities, and settle fees under the contractual arrangements accordingly in the future.

In addition, our mainland China subsidiaries, the variable interest entities and their subsidiaries generate their revenue primarily in Renminbi, which is not freely convertible into other currencies. As a result, any restriction on currency exchange may limit the ability of our mainland China subsidiaries to pay dividends to us. For more details, see “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors—Risks Related to Doing Business in Mainland China—PRC regulation of loans to and direct investment in mainland China entities by offshore holding companies and governmental control of currency conversion may delay or prevent us to make loans to or make additional capital contributions to our mainland China subsidiaries and the variable interest entities, which could materially and adversely affect our liquidity and our ability to fund and expand our business.”

Permissions Required from the PRC Authorities for Our Operations

We conduct our business primarily through our subsidiaries and the variable interest entities in mainland China. Our operations in mainland China are governed by PRC laws and regulations. As of the date of this annual report, our mainland China subsidiaries, variable interest entities and their subsidiaries have obtained the requisite licenses and permits from the PRC government authorities that are material for the business operations of our holding company, the variable interest entities in mainland China, including, among others, the Value-added Telecommunications Business Operation License for information services via internet, or ICP License, the Permit for Internet Audio-video Program Service, the Network Culture Business Permit, the Permit to Produce or Operate Radio and Television Programs, and the Permit for Internet Drug Information Service. Given the uncertainties of interpretation and implementation of relevant laws and regulations and the enforcement practice by relevant government authorities, we may be required to obtain additional licenses, permits, filings or approvals for the functions and services of our platform in the future, and may not be able to maintain or renew our current licenses, permits, filings or approvals. For more detailed information, see “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors—Risks Related to Our Business and Industry—Any lack of requisite permits for any of our internet video and other content or any of our business may expose us to regulatory sanctions.”

Furthermore, under current PRC laws, regulations and regulatory rules, we, our mainland China subsidiaries and the variable interest entities may be required to obtain permissions from the China Securities Regulatory Commission, or the CSRC, and may be required to go through cybersecurity review by the Cyberspace Administration of China, or the CAC, in connection with any future offering and listing in an overseas market. As of the date of this annual report, we have not been subject to any cybersecurity review made by the CAC.

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Permissions Required from the PRC Authorities for Overseas Financing Activities

On February 17, 2023, the CSRC published the Interim Administrative Measures on Overseas Securities Offering and Listing by the Domestic Enterprises, or the Overseas Listing Measures, which will become effective on March 31, 2023. Under the Overseas Listing Measures, a filing-based regulatory system will be applied to “indirect overseas offerings and listings” of PRC domestic companies, which refers to securities offerings and listings in an overseas market made under the name of an offshore entity but based on the underlying equity, assets, earnings or other similar rights of a domestic company that operates its main business domestically in the PRC. The Overseas Listing Measures state that, any overseas offering of securities, including issuance of shares, convertible notes and other similar securities, by a PRC domestic company, and listing by a PRC domestic company in an overseas market, shall be subject to filing requirement within three business days after the completion of such offering or listing. In connection with the Overseas Listing Measures, on February 17, 2023 the CSRC also published the Notice on the Administrative Arrangements for the Filing of Overseas Securities Offering and Listing by the Domestic Enterprises, or the Notice on Overseas Listing Measures. According to the Notice on Overseas Listing Measures, issuers that have already been listed in an overseas market by March 31, 2023, the date on which the Overseas Listing Measures will become effective, such as our company, are not required to make any immediate filing. However, such issuers will be required to comply with the filing requirements under Overseas Listing Measures if and when they pursue any future securities offerings and listings outside of mainland china, including but not limited to follow-on offerings, secondary listings and going private transactions. If we fail to obtain required approval or complete other review or filing procedures, under the Overseas Listing Measures or otherwise, for any future securities offerings and listings outside of mainland China, including but not limited to follow-on offerings, secondary listings and going private transactions, we may face sanctions by the CSRC or other PRC regulatory authorities, which may include fines and penalties on our operations in mainland China, limitations on our operating privileges in mainland China, restrictions on or prohibition of the payments or remittance of dividends by our subsidiaries in mainland China, restrictions on or delays to our future financing transactions offshore, or other actions that could have a material and adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, reputation and prospects, as well as the trading price of our ADSs.

For more detailed information, see “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors—Risks Related to Doing Business in Mainland China—The approval of or the filing with the CSRC or other PRC government authorities may be required in connection with our future offshore listings and capital raising activities under PRC law, and, if required, we cannot predict whether or for how long we will be able to obtain such approval or filing” and “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors—Risks Related to Our Business and Industry—Our business is subject to complex and evolving Chinese and international laws and regulations regarding cybersecurity, information security, privacy and data protection. Many of these laws and regulations are subject to change and uncertain interpretation, and any failure or perceived failure to comply with these laws and regulations could result in claims, changes to our business practices, negative publicity, legal proceedings, increased cost of operations, or declines in user growth or engagement, or otherwise harm our business.”

Selected Consolidated Financial Data

The following selected consolidated statements of comprehensive loss data for the years ended December 31, 2020, 2021 and 2022, selected consolidated balance sheet data as of December 31, 2021 and 2022 and selected consolidated cash flows data for the years ended December 31, 2020, 2021 and 2022 have been derived from our audited consolidated financial statements included in this annual report beginning on page F-2. The following selected consolidated statements of comprehensive loss data for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2019, selected consolidated balance sheet data as of December 31, 2018, 2019 and 2020 and selected consolidated cash flows data for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2019 have been derived from our audited consolidated financial statements not included in this annual report. Our historical results for any period are not necessarily indicative of results to be expected for any future period.

The selected consolidated financial data should be read in conjunction with, and are qualified in their entirety by reference to, our audited consolidated financial statements and related notes and “Item 5. Operating and Financial Review and Prospects” below. Our consolidated financial statements are prepared and presented in accordance with U.S. GAAP. Despite the lack of equity ownership, our Cayman Island holding company is considered the primary beneficiary of the variable interest entities and consolidates the variable interest entities and their subsidiaries as required by ASC topic 810,Consolidation. Accordingly, we treat the variable

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interest entities as our consolidated entities under U.S. GAAP and we consolidate the financial results of the variable interest entities in our consolidated financial statements in accordance with U.S. GAAP.

 

 

 

For the year ended December 31,

 

 

 

2018

 

2019

 

2020

 

2021

 

2022

 

 

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

US$

 

 

(in thousands, except for share and per share data)

Selected Consolidated Statements of

   Comprehensive Loss Data:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total revenues

 

24,989,116

 

28,993,658

 

29,707,215

 

30,554,359

 

28,997,548

 

4,204,249

Operating costs and expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of revenues(2)

 

(27,132,811)

 

(30,348,342)

 

(27,884,395)

 

(27,513,497)

 

(22,319,315)

 

(3,235,996)

Selling, general and administrative(2)

 

(4,167,889)

 

(5,236,007)

 

(5,187,835)

 

(4,725,142)

 

(3,466,579)

 

(502,607)

Research and development(2)

 

(1,994,652)

 

(2,667,146)

 

(2,675,494)

 

(2,794,927)

 

(1,899,233)

 

(275,363)

Total operating costs and expenses

 

(33,295,352)

 

(38,251,495)

 

(35,747,724)

 

(35,033,566)

 

(27,685,127)

 

(4,013,966)

Operating (loss)/income

 

(8,306,236)

 

(9,257,837)

 

(6,040,509)

 

(4,479,207)

 

1,312,421

 

190,283

Total other expense, net

 

(676,194)

 

(967,050)

 

(943,368)

 

(1,532,781)

 

(1,346,197)

 

(195,180)

Loss before income taxes

 

(8,982,430)

 

(10,224,887)

 

(6,983,877)

 

(6,011,988)

 

(33,776)

 

(4,897)

Income tax expense

 

(78,801)

 

(51,852)

 

(23,276)

 

(96,545)

 

(84,000)

 

(12,179)

Net loss

 

(9,061,231)

 

(10,276,739)

 

(7,007,153)

 

(6,108,533)

 

(117,776)

 

(17,076)

Less: Net income attributed to non-controlling

   interests

 

48,545

 

46,590

 

31,208

 

61,051

 

 18,436

 

 2,673

Accretion of redeemable convertible preferred

   shares

 

(298,990)

 

 

 

 

 

Accretion of redeemable noncontrolling

   interests

 

 

(1,542)

 

(7,087)

 

(20,336)

 

 

Net loss attributable to ordinary

   shareholders

 

(9,408,766)

 

(10,324,871)

 

(7,045,448)

 

(6,189,920)

 

(136,212)

 

(19,749)

Net loss per Class A and Class B ordinary

   share(1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

(2.43)

 

(2.02)

 

(1.36)

 

(1.11)

 

(0.02)

 

(0.00)

Diluted

 

(2.43)

 

(2.02)

 

(1.36)

 

(1.11)

 

(0.02)

 

(0.00)

Net loss per ADS:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

(17.01)

 

(14.14)

 

(9.52)

 

(7.77)

 

(0.16)

 

(0.02)

Diluted

 

(17.01)

 

(14.14)

 

(9.52)

 

(7.77)

 

(0.16)

 

(0.02)

Shares used in net loss per Class A and

   Class B ordinary share computation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

3,867,931,786

 

5,104,882,400

 

5,176,180,057

 

5,570,736,706

 

5,988,021,425

 

5,988,021,425

Diluted

 

3,867,931,786

 

5,104,882,400

 

5,176,180,057

 

5,570,736,706

 

5,988,021,425

 

5,988,021,425

 

(1)
Our ordinary shares are comprised of Class A ordinary shares and Class B ordinary shares. Each holder of Class A ordinary shares is entitled to one vote per share and each holder of Class B ordinary shares is entitled to ten votes per share on all matters submitted to them for a vote. Class B ordinary shares are convertible at any time by the holder thereof into Class A ordinary shares on a one-for-one basis. As holders of Class A and Class B ordinary shares have the same dividend rights and the same participation rights in our undistributed earnings, the basic and diluted loss per Class A ordinary share and Class B ordinary share are the same for all the periods presented during which there were two classes of ordinary shares.
(2)
Share-based compensation expenses were allocated in operating costs and expenses as follows:

 

 

 

 For the year ended December 31,

 

 

 

2018

 

2019

 

2020

 

2021

 

2022

 

 

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

US$

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Selected Consolidated Statements of

   Comprehensive Loss Data:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of revenues

 

83,351

 

171,053

 

201,970

 

173,263

 

147,045

 

21,320

 

Selling, general and administrative

 

368,598

 

675,278

 

851,416

 

718,377

 

425,209

 

61,650

 

Research and development

 

104,262

 

238,189

 

316,709

 

327,523

 

239,187

 

34,679

 

Total

 

556,211

 

1,084,520

 

1,370,095

 

1,219,163

 

811,441

 

117,649

 

 

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As of December 31,

 

 

 

2018

 

2019

 

2020

 

2021

 

2022

 

 

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

US$

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Selected Consolidated Balance Sheet Data:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

4,586,405

 

5,934,742

 

10,915,282

 

2,997,212

 

7,097,938

 

1,029,104

 

Restricted cash

 

2,174,042

 

974,932

 

25,230

 

77,652

 

13,618

 

1,974

 

Short-term investments

 

6,061,832

 

4,579,313

 

3,358,174

 

1,348,255

 

818,265

 

118,637

 

Total current assets

 

19,853,443

 

20,272,838

 

22,290,424

 

11,524,117

 

13,785,635

 

1,998,729

 

Total assets(1)

 

44,759,698

 

44,792,550

 

48,185,429

 

42,472,165

 

46,048,349

 

6,676,383

 

Total current liabilities(1)(2)

 

19,812,356

 

20,173,166

 

24,854,578

 

22,476,470

 

28,130,018

 

4,078,469

 

Total liabilities(1)

 

26,604,135

 

35,077,618

 

38,741,131

 

36,799,052

 

39,704,910

 

5,756,671

 

Total mezzanine equity

 

 

101,542

 

108,629

 

397,385

 

 

 

Total shareholders’ equity(2)

 

18,155,563

 

9,613,390

 

9,335,669

 

5,275,728

 

6,343,439

 

919,712

 

 

Note:

(1)
We adopted Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2016-02: Leases on January 1, 2019 using the modified retrospective transition method. Right-of-use assets (“ROU assets”) and lease liabilities (including current and non-current) for operating leases are presented on the face of the consolidated balance sheets as of December 31, 2019, 2020, 2021 and 2022, while the consolidated balance sheets data as of December 31, 2018 has been prepared in accordance with ASC topic 840, Accounting for Leases (“ASC 840”). For further information, see Note 12 to our consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this annual report.

We adopted ASU 2019-02, Improvements to Accounting for Costs of Films and License Agreements for Program Materials (“ASU 2019-02”) on January 1, 2020, using a prospective transition method, which includes the following major changes from previous legacy GAAP that are applicable to us:

The content distinction for capitalization of production costs of an episodic television series and production costs of films is removed;
We are required to test films and license agreements for program material for impairment at a film group level when the film or license agreements are predominantly monetized with other films and license agreements;
We shall assess estimates of the use of a film in a film group and account for such changes prospectively; and
Cash outflows for the costs incurred to obtain rights for both produced and licensed content are required to be reported as operating cash outflows in the statement of cash flows.

For further information, see Notes 2, 7 and 9 to our consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this annual report.

(2)
We adopted ASU 2020-06, Accounting for Convertible Instruments and Contracts in an Entity’s Own Equity (“ASU 2020-06”) on January 1, 2022, using a modified retrospective transition method. Upon the adoption of ASU 2020-06, all of the proceeds received from the issuance of the existing notes should be recorded as a liability on the balance sheet in accordance with ASC 470-20. The difference between the principal amount of each of the existing notes and net proceeds from the issuance is considered debt discount and is amortized at their respective effective interest rates to accrete the carrying value of the existing notes to its face value on the respective put dates of the existing notes. For further information, see Note 14 to our consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this annual report.

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The following table presents our selected consolidated cash flows data for the years indicated.

 

 

 

 For the year ended December 31,

 

 

 

2018

 

2019

 

2020

 

2021

 

2022

 

 

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

US$

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Selected Consolidated Cash Flows Data:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash provided by/(used for) operating

   activities

 

2,884,186

 

3,906,227

 

(5,411,071)

 

(5,951,847)

 

(70,569)

 

(10,232)

 

Net cash (used for)/provided by investing

   activities

 

(20,949,094)

 

(11,749,571)

 

159,296

 

1,262,350

 

265,980

 

38,564

 

Net cash provided by/(used for) financing

   activities

 

23,474,959

 

7,880,306

 

9,373,906

 

(2,959,455)

 

4,468,863

 

647,925

 

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash

   equivalents and restricted cash

 

617,386

 

112,265

 

(91,293)

 

(216,696)

 

122,418

 

17,748

 

Net increase/(decrease) in cash, cash

   equivalents and restricted cash

 

6,027,437

 

149,227

 

4,030,838

 

(7,865,648)

 

4,786,692

 

694,005

 

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at the

   beginning of the year

 

733,010

 

6,760,447

 

6,909,674

 

10,940,512

 

3,074,864

 

445,813

 

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at the

   end of the year

 

6,760,447

 

6,909,674

 

10,940,512

 

3,074,864

 

7,861,556

 

1,139,818

 

 

Financial Information Related to the Variable Interest Entities

The following tables present the condensed consolidating schedule of financial information for iQIYI, Inc., the primary beneficiary of the variable interest entities under U.S. GAAP, the variable interest entities and other entities as of the dates presented.

“iQIYI, Inc.” is our holding company in the Cayman Islands, and the primary beneficiary of the variable interest entities including, but not limited to, Beijing iQIYI, Shanghai iQIYI and Shanghai Zhong Yuan;
“Variable interest entities and their subsidiaries” refer to the sum of Beijing iQIYI, Shanghai iQIYI, Shanghai Zhong Yuan, iQIYI Pictures, Intelligent Entertainment and their respective subsidiaries;
“Subsidiaries” refer to the sum of our wholly-owned subsidiaries, which mainly include but not limited to Beijing QIYI Century, iQIYI New Media, Tianjin iQIYI Network & Technology Co., Ltd., Shanghai iQIYI Network & Technology Co., Ltd., Beijing iQIYI Interactive Technology Co., Ltd., Shanghai iQIYI New Media Science & Technology Co., Ltd., and Hainan iQIYI Information Technology Co., Ltd.

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Selected Condensed Consolidating Statements of Comprehensive Loss Information

 

 

 

For the year ended December 31,

 

 

2020

 

2021

 

2022

 

 

iQIYI, Inc.

 

Variable interest entities and
their
subsidiaries

 

Subsidiaries

 

Eliminating adjustments

 

Consolidated
totals

 

iQIYI, Inc.

 

Variable interest entities and
their
subsidiaries

 

Subsidiaries

 

Eliminating adjustments

 

Consolidated totals

 

iQIYI, Inc.

 

Variable interest entities and
their
subsidiaries

 

Subsidiaries

 

Eliminating
adjustments

 

Consolidated
totals

 

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

 

(in thousands)

Total revenues

 

 

27,412,800

 

9,640,759

 

(7,346,344)

 

29,707,215

 

 

28,947,480

 

10,721,956

 

(9,115,077)

 

30,554,359

 

 

26,966,013

 

9,948,967

 

(7,917,432)

 

28,997,548

Share of losses of variable

   interest entities and their

   subsidiaries

 

 (1,388,260)

 

                           —

 

                         —

 

1,388,260

 

                   —

 

 

(1,733,264)

 

 

 

1,733,264

 

 

        329,881

 

 

 

(329,881)

 

Net loss

 

(7,038,361)

 

(1,360,562)

 

(4,710,321)

 

6,102,091

 

(7,007,153)

 

(6,169,584)

 

(1,688,711)

 

(3,520,528)

 

5,270,290

 

(6,108,533)

 

(136,212)

 

334,414

 

(294,116)

 

(21,862)

 

(117,776)

 

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Selected Condensed Consolidating Balance Sheets Information

 

 

 

As of December 31,

 

 

 

2021

 

2022

 

 

 

iQIYI, Inc.

 

Variable interest entities and their subsidiaries

 

Subsidiaries

 

Eliminating adjustments

 

Consolidated totals

 

iQIYI, Inc.

 

Variable interest entities and their subsidiaries

 

Subsidiaries

 

Eliminating adjustments

 

Consolidated totals

 

 

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

ASSETS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

1,615,953

 

950,267

 

430,992

 

 

2,997,212

 

4,334,968

 

1,882,877

 

880,093

 

 

7,097,938

 

Short-term investments

 

 

595,754

 

752,501

 

 

1,348,255

 

 

529,411

 

288,854

 

 

818,265

 

Accounts receivable, net

 

 

2,613,546

 

134,228

 

 

2,747,774

 

 

2,316,961

 

85,714

 

 

2,402,675

 

Licensed copyrights, net

 

 

669,672

 

261,517

 

 

931,189

 

 

527,792

 

218,266